Saturday, July 11, 2020

Writing the Best Argumentative Essay Topics

Writing the Best Argumentative Essay TopicsThe best argumentative essay topics are not written in a few sentences that have a right answer and a wrong answer. But they are well-written and have relevant information. In other words, the essay should be a dialogue with the reader and the student, which have the potential to make them think about the issues.When it comes to the best argumentative essay topics, you might find that it is easier to choose something that you have an interest in. Or if you would rather not write about something you are interested in but would like to share something that is important to you or about something that you know something about, you can still find good essay topics by researching and finding out what your audience is looking for. It is also possible to research for your topic beforehand so that you are ready for the various editing challenges that might come up when you are editing your essay.The best argumentative essay topics, like in all things , are a combination of skills and knowledge. This means that you will not find a dissertation that tells you what to write in one sentence. You will need to read a lot of books, to research, to participate in discussions with others to learn, and to present your thoughts.The idea behind good persuasive essay topics is to persuade the reader to accept your argument. So, in order to persuade the reader, you will need to convince the reader of what you want to prove. An effective essay is an argument based on facts. You will need to make your arguments based on facts that are relevant to the subject.There are a lot of online articles that you can read to get ideas for your essay topic. There are also many books on these topics as well. If you do a search on the Internet, you will be able to find many ideas that are similar to what you have already written. After writing persuasive essay topics, the next step is to edit your essay. This might sound like a lot of work, but it is not. You can find many online editors who will help you write a great essay without forcing you to change too much of your original idea.When you are editing your persuasive essay topics, you will need to make sure that the idea you have is good enough to write a good article. You will also need to make sure that your essay is well-written. In fact, you will want to do several drafts before you publish your essay.Overall, when you are writing an essay, the best argumentative essay topics are the ones that have the best connection to the topic. They are usually the topics that people are most interested in. They are the topics that relate to the topic the best.

Wednesday, May 20, 2020

Qualities of a Hero Illustrated in Homer’s Epic Poem, The...

The Ancient Greeks idealized and worshiped their heroes, this is portrayed in Homer’s epic poem, The Iliad. To become a hero in ancient Greece, one would have to live and die in pursuit of glory and honor. Both Achilles and Hector seek victory in battle to become the â€Å"true hero.† Although both characters possess many hero-like qualities, Hector proved to be the genuine hero. Heroes are viewed differently today as the average person who is admired for courage or outstanding achievements such as firemen and police officers. The ancient Greeks viewed heroes as those that acquire more than just courage, they must be strong and inspiring as well. Although Achilles proved to be several of these entities, the Iliad begins with†¦show more content†¦Unlike Achilles, Hector bravely stays in the battle and calls upon Achilles. As Achilles rejoins the battle, Hector cowardly runs from Achilles thus also showing an un-hero like response from Hector. As the epic poem climax’s into the battle between Achilles and Hector, both characters are in angst to whom the God’s will side with.†I know you well- I see my fate before me./Never a chance that I could win you over.../Iron inside your chest, that heart of yours./But now beware, or my curse will draw God’s wrath/upon your head, that day when Paris and lord Apollo-/for all your fight ing heart-destroy you at the Scaen Gates!† (Homer 22:420-424) In this quote Hector realizes that the Gods have sided with Achilles and death is near to Hector. As Achilles pursues to kill Hector, Hector pleads for a proper burial. This is because in Ancient Greek times, it was often believed if you did not have a proper burial, you were destined to suffer between worlds until your rites of passage into the underworld were completed. The Greeks saw immortality as aretà ©, which means excellence and virtue. This is achieved through victory in battle which Hector was not able to obtain. â€Å"But this Achilles - first he slaughters Hector,/ He rips away the noble princes life/ then lashes him to his chariot, drags him round/ his beloved comrades tomb. But why, I ask you?/ What good will it do him?What honor will he gain?/Let that manShow MoreRelatedComparing Two Works Of Art Essay2100 Words   |  9 Pagesand Ajax Playing a Dice a Game†. It was painted in 525–52 0 B.C in Greece and it represents the ancient Greece. The literary artwork I will consider is The Iliad, an epic poem by the ancient Greek poet Homer in 750 BCE. I will compare both artworks and connect them to the contemporary period debating the similarities and differences that the poem and the ceramic have and how they influenced our modern world, which help the creation of the film Troy led by Brad Pitt, Eric Bana and Orlando Bloom in 2004

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Incidents In The Life Of A Slave Girl And Uncle Toms...

Slavery first began in America with the introduction of African Slaves to the North American colonies. It was a flourishing industry throughout America in the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries. This commerce became so large that slaves became about one-third of the southern population during this time. The average slave during this period faced many physical and emotional struggles while battling the terrorism of slavery. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl and â€Å"Uncle Tom’s Cabin† are two books written by slaves themselves and use imagery to obtain sympathy from the reader. Both Jacobs and Stowe right powerful anti-slavery books that show strong emotion towards the slaves’ minority voices and the hardship they unrightfully endured.†¦show more content†¦159). No one cared to listen to the minority voices of the women in slavery, they were rarely thought of as people. Jennifer Hallam a researcher from adds to the thought of the degradation of women saying, â€Å"Enslaved women were beaten mercilessly, separated from loved ones arbitrarily, and†¦ treated as property in the eyes of the law (Hallam, 2002, p. 1). Linda (or Harriet Jacobs) did not experience physical abuse, she experienced psychological pain due to the fact that she was seen as nothing more than a piece of property from Dr. Flint. Most of the time, the women were considered property and nothing more. This idea pained the women because they knew that if they were just property, their children were too, and could be taken from them at any point. Emotional agony ran high between the mothers of slave children. The women knew their voice meant nothing, and that their pride and joy could be taken from them at any moment. Harriet Jacobs, a slave herself, decided to escape slavery after learning that her children were to be sent to the plantation in which she worked. Plantations were very physically tasking and Jacobs knew she had to do whatever she could to sh elter her children from the brutal conditions of slavery. Many slave women believed that even â€Å"death was better than slavery† (Jacobs, 2001, p. 54). ThisShow MoreRelatedThe Abolition Movement Of The 1800s1547 Words   |  7 Pages The Abolition Movement in the 1800s was a controversial time for America. There were many who fought for the right to keep slaves, but there were also many who fought for the freedom of slaves. People like Fredrick Douglass Anthony Burns, and works such as Uncle Tom’s Cabin gave a sense of liberty to the people who did not understand how little they had, and how restricted they were. Many factors had key roles within this movement, each becoming important, and crucial to the abolishment of slaveryRead MoreThe Anti Slavery Movement By William Lloyd Garrison, Arthur And Lewis Tappan1580 Words   |  7 Pagesuse of almanacs containing poems, drawings, essays, and other material, the Anti-Slavery Society was able to illustrate the hor rors slavery. Through the distribution of these almanacs, people were shown the types of struggles and horrors slaves faced on a daily basis. While there were many influential anti-slavery groups, there were also many influential people who helped spread the idea of the abolition of slavery. Frederick Douglass, who was once a slave, published North Star which discusses hisRead More Anti-Slavery Issue and Childrens Magazines: 1820-1860 Essay examples5201 Words   |  21 Pagesspecifically aiming at the children’s market.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   During this pre-war period there were few books for children that dealt with the slave problem; the immense success of Uncle Tom’s Cabin, however, engendered several spin-offs or adaptations, among which were Pictures and Stories from Uncle Tom’s Cabin(1853, uncredited) and A Peep into Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1853?) The latter was an adaptation by an English author, Mary Low, who   signed herself   ‘Aunt Mary’, and it was published both in EnglandRead MoreMedia Violence and Its Effect on Society1968 Words   |  8 Pagesi ncreases aggressiveness and anti-social behavior, makes them less sensitive to violence and to victims of violence, and it increases their appetite for more violence in entertainment and in real life. Media violence is especially damaging to young children, because they cannot tell the difference between real life and fantasy. Violent images on television and in movies may seem real to these children and sometimes viewing these images can even traumatize them. Recent research is exploring the effect ofRead MoreThe History of American Literature3501 Words   |  15 Pagescentral government outlined in the Constitution, while an anti-Federalist faction opposed it. A series of essays supporting ratification was published in 1787 and 1788 and circulated in pamphlets. The essays, later published as The Federalist, were written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay . Slave narratives recorded another side of life in America. The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African (1789) has long been considered an important AfricanRead MoreThe Emergence Of The United States As An Independent Country, And African American Literature Essay1769 Words   |  8 Pageswrote her first work â€Å"Bars Fight†, a ballad about an attack of Deerfield. The Ballad was preserved orally until it was published in 1855 in Josiah Holland’s History of western Massachusetts. Wheatley was the contemporary of Lucy Terry. She was also a slave, born in West Africa. She was sold into slavery at the age of seven and transported to North America. She was purchased by the Wheatley family of Boston, who taught her to read and write and encouraged her poetry when they saw her talent. Because ofRead MoreBelonging Essay4112 Words   |  17 Pagesplays a role in the perception of belonging (or not belonging and all the shades inb etween): †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ personal context refers to those elements that are ones own, individual and private. cultural context is complex and refers generally to way of life, lifestyle, customs, traditions, heritage, habits - civilisation. More specifically, it refers to intellectual and artistic awareness, education and discernment. Popular culture refers to the Arts, the humanities, intellectual achievement, literatureRead MoreLangston Hughes Research Paper25309 Words   |  102 Pagesat the same table with him, and a fountain clerk in St. Louis refused to serve him a soft drink. He dealt with these slights the way he would his entire life: He turned away quietly. But Langston decided that instead of running away from the color line and hating himself for being black, like his father had, he would write about the real-life experiences of black people. He was determined to write stories about Negroes, so true that people in faraway lands would read them. James Langston HughesRead MoreSAT Top 30 Essay Evidence18536 Words   |  75 PagesP age |1 Top 30 Examples to Use as SAT Essay Evidence An exclusive special report from By Christian Heath P age |2 Table of Contents Introduction ................................................................................................................................................. 4 Adventurers and Explorers: Amelia Earhart (Female Aviation Pioneer) ................................................................................................ 5 Christopher

Business Idea for Opening a Marketing Firm †

Question: Discuss about the Business Idea for Opening a Marketing Firm. Answer: Business idea Business is a risk that most people take in order to become entrepreneurs. It is something that one can excel in or fail terribly. It only needs a lot of dedication and a good business idea. There are some businesses that require a lot of capital and others do not need capital at all. This is not to say that they will not both flourish because of the difference in start-up. When trying to open a business there are things that are done before so you ensure that things will run smoothly. (Emerson,2016) A written business plan is the first thing that one should have whether the business is self-sponsored or the capital for start-up is borrowed (Ramptoms, 2016). It should entail the expectations and growth of the business. My business idea is marketing/PR because I feel that it would work-out well in the business world. New things are being produced every day and they will need to be put out there in the market. Most production companies outsource Marketing/PR firms to handle the exposure of their product to the public in the most eye-catching way possible. This is a business that starts small and sometimes it does not need a lot of capital or none at all (Canvanizer, 2017). You can even start this firm in your home office and grow it at a pace that is comfortable for you and the money you have. It definitely will need some kind of upgrade as it grows so that it can have the facilities that will enable it to work for bigger companies. Opening a marketing firm can also be very hard and there are some business models that could be used to make it easier to deal or work with (Griffin, 2017). The first component is delivery; this is where your business shows its commitment in doing some work marketing different products. Most product companies are always on the lookout for new companies and which has the best rates and does a good job. It is like probation to see what kind of work your firm can do (Lumos, 2010). The second component knows your target. With a Marketing/PR firm you can choose the kind of marketing you are knowledgeable in this way you can show your expertise in the products you are sure to shine in. Customer relationship is also a very important component in a business. This is where you deal with the clients on a more personal level (Wagner, 2013). This helps build a good working relationship for your business. The more you treat your customers well and with uttermost respect and dedication to marketing their product well then you are able to attract more clients. Cost structure is also very important when trying to start a new business. Setting aside an expense fund for bills like rent and miscellaneous so that the company can stand on its own without having any problems (Australian Government, 2016). These components are what build a company to be strong and help it dominate in its field. It is important for a company to have business models that help with its growth. A marketing/PR firm should be able to define its niche in the business world clearly. Offering a range of services with different packages that can suit any client would also go well for the business. At the same time, it is important to keep in mind that challenging your business will help it grow. (Simcoe, 2017) Mostly the PR part of the firm should always be the cherry of the business. PR comes in handy helping most companies get known. This means instead of marketing products now you get to advertise a company to the public which is also a form of marketing. PR helps the public know more about a company. The end result of my business idea will have two departments that work together to market different things. As the business continues to grow it will need to establish you in the marketing and PR content field by also marketing yourself. Clients who see you growing your influence in the content marketing space will be much more likely to trust you, and will feel much less risk when deciding whether or not to hire you. At this point you can now start hiring people who can help your business in a positive direction. Technology is one way to be equipped in this market because almost everything or business in this era uses technology to get things done. You can also hire freelancers that will help you write and edit your marketing strategies so that it can help you take on more clients (Business Queensland, 2017). If you're going to use freelance writers and editors, it is recommended to investing inlong term relationships. Training takes time and patience, and usually entails extra hands-on involvement from you. Using the same writers for all your projects also ensures consistency in writing style and voice. (GOV.UK, 2017) This consistency is what helps you to continue attracting more clients and also you create a good name for your business. It is also great to continue doing research on other firms that you may be competing and know what they may be doing better than you. You can also research on how to make yourselves better by creating polls on social media so that the public and potential clients can tell you what they need. In a business, one should be able to attract and retain customers to be successful. My business idea is among the highly sought-after kind of business and therefore it has a lot of competition. This means that you have to be on your feet all the time and keep up with the changes in the business. Also making your services more attractive you could find a way to bring in more clients. Competition can bring a business to its knees in matter of a few days having a good eye and employees that love their job helps you be on top of the game. The business world can be ruthless and it needs one to grow a thicker skin in order to survive and prosper. References: Australian Government (2016). Marketing. Retrieved September 18th, 2017. Business Queensland (2017). Tips for improving your business. Retrieved on September 18th, 2017. Canvanizer (2017). How to develop your startup idea. Retrieved on September 18th, 2017. Dana Griffin (2017). What are the main components of a business model. Retrieved on September 18th, 2017. Eric T. Wagner (2013). 5 business model components every entrepreneur needs. Retrieved on September 18th, 2017. GOV.UK (2017). Growing your business. Retrieved on September 18th, 2017. Jenni Simcoe (2017). Tips for starting a marketing business. Retrieved on September 18th, 2017. John Ramptom (2016). How to start your own content marketing business. Retrieved on September 18th, 2017. Lumos (2010). The key components of a business model. Retrieved on September18th, 2017. Melinda Emerson (2016). How to develop your business idea. Retrieved on September 18th, 2017.

Thursday, April 23, 2020

Mixed Ability Classes

Abstract Students can be grouped into two groups in a classroom setting based on their ability. The tracking of students would entail grouping them according to their academic potentials, as well as putting them in different classes. This would mean that weak students would have their own classes.Advertising We will write a custom dissertation sample on Mixed Ability Classes specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Those considered academic giants are also put in the same classroom setting. This system of education has been praised because it allows improvement on the side of weak students, as well as advancement on the side of brighter students. To the weak students, this approach of grouping them together enables the concerned teacher to concentrate on their educational needs, which are usually separate from those of intelligent students. They should be allocated more to learn basic principles. On the other hand, the intelligent student s would be given challenging tasks to advance their capabilities. The teachers would also have easy time because they would be in a position to tailor-make the teaching process to suite each group. However, this system has been criticized since it fosters segregation. Mixed ability classes have therefore been seen as the best approach. It encourages integration of students within a learning set up. The method ensures that learners are exposed to similar knowledge without one group seemingly getting advantage over the other. Although this method has been criticized for the fact that it makes it difficult for the teacher to tailor make the teaching method to suit each group, it is generally more popular. Differentiating the work of students in mixed ability classes has been the remedy to its shortcomings. Introduction Learning is a complex process that demands a deep understanding of the whole system. The system should be integrated to be in agreement with the needs of students for su ccess to be achieved. It is a fact that in a learning process, learners do not have similar ability in grasping what is taught in class.Advertising Looking for dissertation on education? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This is due to a number of reasons. In some cases, this may be due to the background of the learner, the intelligence of the student and other reasons that may cause the variability in learning. In some cases, a learner could have been taught through tuitions and therefore have easy time acquiring what is taught in class. When the difference in ability to grasp what is taught in class is caused by a difference in the level of intelligence, it becomes a little more challenging. A teacher is put in a situation where there are two types of students. On one divide, there are students who are very bright and need little instructions to grasp what is taught in the class. Harris and Silva (1993, p. 525) note that such quick learners needs to be put in an environment where their capability is challenged in order to ensure that they develop their intelligence. On the other hand, the less intelligent students need more contact that is personal with the teacher. They need more attention and it may be necessary to remind them the basics in a learning process. Allan (1991, p. 62) asserts that an intelligent student requires lesser time to grasp what is taught in class but when the class have both extremes that is, excessively bright students and very slow learners, it becomes challenging. The slow learners should not be left behind at the benefit of the fast learners. Educationists have therefore found themselves at awkward positions trying to satisfy both extremes. This dilemma has seen many scholars develop interest in this field. Many researches have been conducted in an attempt to find solutions to the underlying problem. Many of the reports have been published while others have not. Their findings have proposed a number of ways through which this issue can be resolved. Some scholars have proposed tracking as the best way, through which this issue may be resolved. With this approach, students are grouped according to their academic capacity. Academically strong students are grouped together in a separate class. The slow learners are also put in one class.Advertising We will write a custom dissertation sample on Mixed Ability Classes specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The proponents of this approach say that the students would get the most out of this approach because the grouping is based on academic requirements. Teachers would find it easy to plan for the class because they would be taking each group separately. For this reason, both groups are allowed to learn at their own pace that is, without interference from the other divide. The opponents of this approach argue that this approach is very discriminative. They say that grouping of students based on capability would be a direct way of informing the students that they belong to different academic classes even if they are in the same level of education. This may make such students lose hope and confidence in life, which are important factors in a learning set up Another method that has been proposed and viewed as appropriate in solving the dilemma is the mixed ability model. In this case, students form groups in a classroom. In the groups, the concerned teacher would ensure that the intelligent students are grouped together with those who are dwarf academically. This approach is important because it enhances learning even when the teacher is away. As the less intelligent students learn from their intelligent colleagues, the intelligent ones would internalize their knowledge by teaching their colleagues. Although it has been termed the best approach, a number of critics have come up strongly to oppose it. The greatest criticism that this approach has received is that it takes the new generation back to the original problem. The problem is related to grouping students with different abilities. The researcher seeks to investigate the relevance of the mixed ability learning method in solving the mentioned dilemma. This research seeks to ascertain the effect it has on students, teachers, school administrators, parents, and the society in general. Furthermore, the paper seeks to establish how this challenge can be dealt with in order to embrace the culture of mixing students with different academic talents. Research Questions and Hypothesis There are questions that this research aspires to answer. The following are some of the questions that the research intends to answer. The questions serve as a guide to the whole process of research.Advertising Looking for dissertation on education? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More How relevant is the tracking method in grouping students with different abilities in learning How relevant is mixed ability classes as a method in grouping students with different abilities in learning From the above research questions, the following are the hypotheses that the researcher seeks to confirm or discard based on the data to be gathered. H1o. Tracking is the best approach in grouping students with different abilities in learning. H1a. Tracking is never the best approach in grouping students with different abilities in learning. H2o. Mixed ability classes are never the best methods of grouping students with different abilities in learning. H2a.. Mixed ability classes are the best methods of grouping students with different abilities in learning Literature Review The issue of grouping learners has raised many questions from many quarters in the education system. Many scholars have conducted various researches and reported on different methods that can be applied when gro uping students. Ansalone (2000, p. 12) says that learning is a very complex process. It is true that students never learn at the same pace. Some students tend to have a stronger capability to grasp what is taught in class at a faster rate as opposed to others. It becomes very difficult to mix students with different capabilities in the same classroom. While the teacher would need to take more time on teaching the slow learners, this would be a waste of time for the quick leaner. It is therefore a dilemma to teachers, as they have to ensure that all learners obtain the basics of what is taught. Hallinan (1994, p.80) reiterates that teachers have faced many problems in dealing with this issue. He says that teachers are always in a fix when handling students in a classroom set up. Inasmuch as the attention should be given to all students irrespective of their ability in class, this scholar notes that some students demand more time as opposed to others. They require demand for more atte ntion and the teacher involved should attempt to give them more attention as opposed to others. According to Ansalone (2001, p. 41), the issue of grouping students is always very challenging. In a given class, it is a fact that students would be of different capabilities. There are quick learners and slow learners. This scholar proposes that learners should be categorized according to their ability in class. This scholar says that it is very important to ensure that learners are given attention according to their ability. Those who are quick learners should not have their time wasted just because slow learners need more time to obtain the intended knowledge. Conversely, slow learners should not be rushed because quick learners already have the intended knowledge. Both categories of learners should be given attention in an equal measure. A mechanism should be established, which would allow both learners to acquire the right knowledge. Therefore, such students should be grouped accord ing to their ability. This idea is supported by Halliday (1978, p. 89). The scholar notes that learners have different capabilities. For this matter, educationists should find a way in which learners should be grouped. This scholar proposes that educationists should adopt mechanisms that would allow them to categorize students as per their ability. This is important, as it would allow teachers to go at the pace of learners. Fast learners are allowed to learn at a relatively faster speed. The slow learners on the other hand are given more time to grasp what is taught at a relatively slower pace. In the same vein, Askew and William (1995, p. 11) urge educationists to group students according to their capabilities. The educationists should then find the best approach that each group should be given to ensure that students acquire the right knowledge. This scholar notes that it is important to include teaching prompts for those who are considered slow learners. Such items as charts, dia grams, pictures and other relevant teaching aids should be incorporated in teaching slow learners. To the quick learners, it would be necessary to give them challenging tasks to enable them to further their capabilities. This would ensure that both sides obtain what they deserve in an educational system. The idea of grouping students according to their capabilities is supported by Graves (1983, p. 36).The scholar says that students may exhibit different capabilities at different stages of learning due to different reasons. The reason why a student may be slow in grasping what is taught in class might be due to his or her background. This scholar notes that some students come to after taking some tutorials at home. For this reason, he or she may appear to be more knowledgeable than those who had not prepared at all. A teacher may therefore conclude that such a student is a quick learner. Given the same environment, those who were considered slow learners may catch up with and overtak e those perceived to be quick in learning. The system of grouping should therefore be flexible. Bailey (1978, p. 31) supports this flexible approach of grouping students. He says that when grouping a student, which is very important to ensure equity, the approach should be competitive. It should be in a way that would allow students who show their prowess elevated while those who show a declining abilities elevated as well. This way, there would be a competitive environment created within the institution. Those who are slow learners would be challenged in their classes. They would try to climb the ladder to higher levels, which is most certainly more prestigious. Those who are in higher groupings would also try to ensure that they maintain their statuses. To do this, they would have to work even harder in order to be in a position to achieve the best out of this process. This competition is encouraged in such a learning institution. Gamoran (1987, p. 136) agrees that groping is nece ssary. However, he does not approve the method that categorizes bright students together. He proposes that the grouping should incorporate all categories of learners. Quick learners should be grouped together with slow learners so that quick learners can be of help to slow learners. This scholar argues that for one reason or the other, some learners find it easier to learn from fellow learners than from teachers. Mixed grouping would allow both students to share. As slow learners acquire more knowledge from quick learners, quick learners would be enhancing the already acquired knowledge. This scholar notes that when a student is given an opportunity to teach a fellow student and he does it properly, there are higher probabilities that he or she would retain such knowledge for a longer period than if he or she were to retain it to himself or herself. The mixed grouping is therefore of benefit to both divides. Mixed grouping is also supported by Bell (1999, p. 25). According to him, l earning is one of the most challenging tasks. The fact that different learners have different capacities makes this process even more challenging. Education experts should always know that it is important to understand the capability of the student per subject. It is a common phenomenon that student A would be good in Mathematics but poor in languages while student B may be good in Languages but poor in Mathematics. When grouping students, it is important to group such students together. Those who are good in English would be of help to those who are poor in it, as they are assisted in Mathematics. Through this, there would be a symbiotic relationship between students. Even though it can be very challenging to teachers and students, mixed grouping is the best approach in teaching students. This is according to Brimfield, Masci and DeFiore (2002, p. 17). They say that this method may make it difficult for the teacher to devise the best approach to be applied in class because requirem ents of quick learners are the opposite of what slow learners need. However, this method is free from any form of discrimination. All learners feel part of the system implying that they would be equal to each other. This creates a community for the learners where equity is held high. To slow learners, this would be much appreciated. They would feel part of the team and this would help them overcome their challenge. However, Bryan (1996, p. 188) calls for caution when employing this strategy. Caution should be taken to ensure that quick learners are allowed to learn at their own pace. The slow learners should not be ignored in this process. The system that is employed should be sensitive to slow learners. It is only through this that the system would be considered effective to be used in a learning institution. Mixed ability classes are the most common, especially in institutions where the population is relatively small. As Fulk and King (2001, p. 82) report, it would be uneconomical to group students according to their abilities when the population is relatively small. A class of about 20 learners would not be easy to group with an intention of teaching them separately. As this scholar notes, grouping is most appropriate when the population of learners is large enough. In such situations, it becomes difficult for the teacher to give particular attention to specific students. As such, it becomes necessary that learners be grouped as per their ability. A teacher would therefore know beforehand the specific classes, which would need extra attention and the group that would require to be challenged. Through this, teaching and the learning process would be easier, not only to teachers concerned but also to the learners themselves. This idea is supported by Bryan (1996, p. 193). The scholar notes that in case a class is relatively small, grouping students might be necessary but not for purposes of learning. In such cases, learners would form small groupings of about five students. This scholar proposes two approaches to this issue. The first approach, which he recommends, would be mixing students based on talent. This would encourage sharing and in the process, the weak students stand to benefit. The other approach would involve having students with equal abilities grouped together. This approach is helpful when teachers want to develop the talents of weak and strong students separately. In this regard, weak students would be assigned to a specific teacher who best understands their weaknesses. Such groups would visit the assigned teacher during their free time. On the other hand, the brighter students would also be assigned to another teacher whom they will also have a session with during free time. In such sessions, the assigned teacher would pose challenges to such students. The students would then be converged in a classroom set up where their abilities would be gauged. Fotos and Ellis (1991, p. 617) is completely opposed to the idea of gr ouping students based on talent. This scholar laments that many schools are currently adopting the tracking method of groping students. Students are put in different classes based on their academic potentials. When this method is adopted, weak students are the most affected. The scholar observes that their first torture is psychological. They are aware that they are in the classes because they are academically dwarf. This is dangerous because such students would withdraw and develop a wall between them and the other group of students, as well as teachers. As Collentine and Freed (2004, p. 165) observe, this would only make them drop academically. When such a student resigns to fate, he or she fails to realize that he or she has the capability of achieving the best. Such a student also fails to note that education and the whole process of learning is all about the will and attitude. Such students fail to recognize that they can favorably compete with the other groups of students. Thi s idea is shared by Cotterall (1990, p. 55). According to this scholar, it is very important that a teacher create a learning environment where students would feel that they are treated equally. It is necessary to appreciate best performers in any class. However, this can be done in such a way that below average learners do not realize that they are not valued. When a student performs well, he or she should be appreciated at that moment. Afterwards, all of them should be put in an environment where they feel that anyone can make it to the top in class. For this reason, such restrictive policies as tracking should be avoided within a learning institution. Tracking or mixed abilities grouping are policies that learning institutions should avoid. According to Epstein (1985, p. 26), no student is permanently bright or stupid. There are various reasons that would make one student perform better or poorer than the other. In most of cases, the kind of environment that the student is expose d to matters a lot. Learning groups are important in enhancing learning outside classrooms. However, in formation of such groups, teachers should avoid making their presence felt. For this matter, teachers should encourage students to form the groups on their own. After this, the concerned teacher should moderate the groups to ensure balance. This should be done in a way that students do not realize that the bias was based on their academic credentials. Problem statement In a learning environment, it is expected that there will be a group of slow learners and another group of fast learners. A teacher has the two sets of learners to deal with. There are various stakeholders, with different expectations as regards to students and teachers. The parent expects the teacher to offer learners with the best approach to learning that would enable the learner acquire as much knowledge as possible. The administration has the pressure from the parent and other stakeholders to elevate the status of the school in terms of academic performance. This pressure is directed to teachers. Students themselves have high expectations from their teachers. They believe that the teacher is in a position to understand them and provide them with knowledge in the best way possible, which would make them learn easily. All attention is focused on the teacher. In the process of meeting these expectations, the teacher is exposed to the two groups of learners. The group with quick learners should be taken through instructions with a relatively higher speed. They need tasks that are more challenging every moment they encounter the teacher. Bringing the basics concepts to them would be a waste of time, as those are concepts they have already mastered. On the other hand, the teacher has the slow learners to deal with in the same class. The slow learners need time to grasp the concept being taught. At times, it may require the teacher to go back to the basics in order to allow the students grasp th e concept being taught. A teacher has these two groups to handle in a classroom set up and each group expects the best out of the teacher. They believe what they obtain from the teacher would benefit them and their class. The issue of grouping students may seem to be the best approach to finding the solution to this dilemma. In particular, tracking can work best. This is because in tracking, students would be grouped in accordance to their academic capabilities. With this, a teacher would have learners with similar educational demand grouped together. It becomes easier for the teacher to handle separate classes and achieving the desirable result would be easier. However, this approach has received criticism from many quarters. Edwards and Woodhead (1996, p. 89) say that pure breeding as an approach to grouping students is more negating as it does not bring any positive impact. When the tracking method is used in a given institution, it breeds segregation. The bright students would d evelop the attitude that they are special and would look down upon their lesser capable comrades. On the other hand, the lesser intelligent students, in their groups, would withdraw to themselves, making it very difficult to convince them that they have the capability, just as their counterparts in the other group. This calls for a mixed ability grouping. The students within a class form smaller groups where they can advance what was taught in class. In this regard, the concerned teacher would ensure that the smaller groups are well balanced in terms of capabilities. This approach is good as it eliminates all forms of discrimination. However, it does not solve the initial problem. This method brings us back to the problem whose solution should be sought that is, having students with different abilities, hence different educational needs in the same classroom. This problem must now be solved using mixed ability approach, in addition to other practices that would moderate the requirem ents of the two divides. The aim is to ensure that both groups are well taken care of. This problem is to be resolved by this research. To find the desired answers to the above question, the researcher employed the methodology below. As earlier noted, this research proposal will aim at establishing facts through research pertaining to homogeneous grouping of gifted students. The study reviews both theoretical and conception literature before moving ahead to collect data. The study is significant since it offers policy makers a clear insight concerning gifted aptitude. The rationale of this research is to talk about the researchers’ results in detail and find out which method(s) of learner grouping is superlative for a triumphant training in a school environment. As an ingredient of that progression, the study emphasizes on a number of realistic plans for tutors to assist in supporting students’ accomplishment within their reading factions Methodology Research Method Th is chapter focuses on various aspects of research development. It includes methods of data collection, analysis and presentation. Every research project applies a certain research method to achieve its objectives depending on its goals. The methods used to conduct research in this project compared closely with the methods proposed in the project proposal. In research, design deals primarily with aims, uses, purposes, intentions, and plans within the practical constraints of time, location, money, and availability of staff. In this study, respondents were briefed in advance. The officials of American School of Dubai were given relevant notice by the researcher. The study population was also amicably informed in order to get them prepared for the study. Briefing was important because it could enhance reliability of this study. It is also ethical to inform people before researching on them. The findings were also made public to the researched as one way of ensuring morality in the stud y. Furthermore, the researcher observed researcher-researcher ethics by keeping away from criticism. Out of 15 questionnairs sent to repondents, 14 of them were filled and returned. This was not a bad response. The response rate was high because the researcher insisted that the study was purely academic. This encouraged many teachers at American School of Dubai to fill in their questionnairs. Research Model This research utilized quantitative research methods in conducting the study and collecting data. Quantitative research was used althrough because it aims at summarizing data mathematically. In this regard, the research took the form of a survey, whereby the researcher identified some individuals and posted questionnaires to them. The sampled population was selected randomly in order to eliminate biases. The researcher made follow-ups by conducting respondents on phone. Interviewing is another method of data collection that was used in this research. The researcher extracted more information from respondents by calling them. Questionnaire Design There were two key methods used to gather information in this report. The first one was through a questionaire, which was administered online to the staff at the American School of Dubai. It is attached to this document. The questionaire sought to capture various attutudes of staff at the American School of Dubai regarding their academic performance. The second source of information used for the research was literature on various aspects motivation. The focus of the literature review was to find information on the application of motivation techniques and also to determine the current state of research in the use of gouping of students. The questionnaire had four Parts. The first part sought to capture the biodata information of respondents. The second part dealt with the demography and gender of the respondents. This was to ascertain the prevalence of views in varoius categories in order to ensure that if any differ ences came about, then they would be captured in their demographic space. The third part dealt with academic credentials and work experience. The motivation for this section came from the understanding that different sections of population respond differently to motivators, based on age and academic credentials. The fourth part delved into the specific issues relating to student grouping, starting from the understanding of the concept to the possible effects it would have on students. The questionaire also employed a mix of open ended and closed ended questions to capture different aspects of issues studied. Open ended questions were used because thay give respondents more time to figure out their opinions, which would make them volunteer more information related to felings, outlooks and comprehension of the subject. This would allow a researcher to understand the position of respondents as regards to feelings. Open ended questions minimize some errors that could have been created i n the course of research. Respondents rarely forget answers if given an opportunity to respond freely. Furthermore, respondents cannot ignore some questions because they must go through all of them. Open ended questions generate data that can be used in data analysis by other researchers. In other words, they allow secondary data analysis. On the other hand, closed-ended questions are analyzed easily. That is why they were used in this study. Each response can be coded for statistical interpretation. Nonetheless, closed-ended questions are compatible with computer analysis package. The technique is more specific meaning that its answers are consistent in all conditions. This aspect is impossible with open-ended questions because each respondent is allowed to use his/her own words. Finally, closed-ended questions take less time to administer unlike open-ended questions, which are detailed hence time consuming. The questionnaire was sent to respondents through the internet that is, th e researcher mailed the questions to respective respondents. The researcher arrived at this decision after considering time and reseources. The method is costless and less time consuming. Furthmore, the method allows respondents to reflect on the questions and answer them accurately. Employing research assistants would be problematic because of the sensitivity of the study. Many people would be reluctant to give their views freely. The method is ineffective because answers are not independent of themselves. The respondent might not have filled the questions themselves. Moreover, the method is affected by the respondent’s level of literacy. One big disadvantage of the technique is that there is no interaction between the researcher and the researched. This means that respondent’s reactions are not captured. Reactions are important because they give more information regarding to the feelings of respondents. Generally, the technique is more applicable where the researcher is interested in numbers, not deep feelings of the respondent. In this study, the researcher is interested in identifying the number of students who feel capability grouping pay is the suitable method of stimulating learners. The literature collected provided information regarding various theories of motivation spread across the last four decades. This provides a historical perspective since the area of motivatoin started receiving specific attention at that period. Secondly, the literature availed a number of theories dealing with the application of motivation in the business world and capability grouping in the context of cademic develpment in the educational industry. The American School of Dubai fits well within this parameter. Finally, the literature provided information on the state of research on the field. Various researchers have conducted studies on various elements of capability grouping and its effect on learning. This gave the study a sound academic backing and a stron g basis for drawing comparisons and conclusions. The use of the questionaire made it possible to capture issues that are unique to the American School of Dubai. This is because there was no accessible literature with required degree of relevence to the subject matter about the American School of Dubai, Las Vegas. The targeted staff responded to the questionaire online. The availability of staff influenced the choice of this method because the American School of Dubai operates throughout and therefore it is not possible at any one time to find all of them in one place. An online questionaire reduced the costs of data collection, assured confidentiality, and was available thoughout for the staff for a fixed period. After collection, the data went through analysis, culminating the observations and conslusions discussed in chapter three and four, respectively. Theoretical and Conceptual Framework The study utilized deductive scaffold because some theories were used to give a certain pic ture of the study. Deductive reasoning starts by analyzing some concepts before moving to the field to confirm the claims. The researcher analyzed some theories related to capability grouping before moving to the field to collect data. The technique is constructive because it equips the researcher with relevant information. In other words, deductive reasoning moves from generalizations to the specific idea. Two theories were first analyzed before moving to the field. Sampling Methods The most applicable sampling method for this exercise was random sampling. Considering that the targeted population consisted of staff in the housekeeping section, there was no much risk of having biased data. If the survey needed to cover the entire staff of the American School of Dubai, systematic sampling coupled with stratified sampling would be ideal to ensure cross-departmental representation. However, this survey targeted the housekeeping staff hence random sampling proved sufficient to collect r equired data. Secondary Data Used Secondary data for analysis in this project came from various publications. These included reports, journal articles, and research publications. Most of it related to the work that other researchers in the field of motivation undertook. The other areas where the literature review covered include theories of motivation and the application of capability grouping in various institutions. The nature of material used varied. Journals dealing with specific aspects of motivation provided specific information on specific research elements investigated by researchers. Some reports from intergovernmental organizations proved useful in providing information on the application of capability grouping. From these sources, several findings came to the fore. Primary Data The online questionnaire provided the means of collecting primary data for this project. The survey covered 15 teachers working across various shifts at the American School of Dubai in the housekee ping department. This sample is representative of the entire cadre of staff targeted by the survey in the housekeeping section. The choice of respondents was by random sampling based on the individual’s willingness to participate. The questionnaire had a mixture of open ended and closed ended questions. This design enabled the study to provide as much detail as possible while eliminating the risk of high variance in responses. The administration of the questionnaires took place online because of varying working hours. In addition, it eased access to the questionnaire. After filing in the soft copy, respondents sent it to a designated email address. This measure resulted to reduced costs transport and accommodation. The expenses could be occasioned by physical administration of questionnaires. Moreover, it saved research time because it was easy to transfer the information from a soft copy to the analysis software because the findings were analyzed using a software referred to as SPSS. Finally, it did not generate any paper waste hence contributing to environmental conservation. Validity and Reliability Reliability means appropriateness, applicability and truthfulness of a study. It is the ability of research instruments to produce results that are in agreement with theoretical and conceptual values. In this study, internal validity was ensured through checking the represenativeness of the sample. The researcher ensured that the sample used captured all important characters at the American School of Dubai. External validity was ensured through triangulation that is, the researcher used more than one technique in collecting data. External validity was also guaranteed by asking respondents to give their views. Reliability means that the study is consistent and lacks any ambiquity. It is related to the accuracy of instruments that is, how accurate the measuring device is in measuring what it claims to measure. In this study, it was achieved through increasi ng verifiability of the perspective. The researcher adopted the principles of coherence, opennes and discourse in order to guarantee reliability. Scope and Limitations This research was conducted in Unted Arabs Emirates and therefore most of the findings are a reflection of this country, speciffically the Dubai City. The results of the findings would therefore hold in in a society that is closely related to it. The scope was limited to primary and junior high school level of education. The result of this finding may therefore not hold in any higher learning institutions. In collection of data, a number of challages were met. The first challenge was the reluctance by some teachers to volunteer information the researcher. They wanted the motive of this clearly stated. However, this was overcome when the researcher convinced them that this was purely an academic research. The administrators were also too busy to find time to be interviewed. The researcher also noted with concern that s ome respondeds were carried away by emmotions when responding to the questions. This was a jeopady to the validity of the responses. Result and Findings Games and stories According to the primary data gathered from the teachers and other concerned educationists, games and stories are some of the best ways in which learner’s ability in class can be enhanced. Learning as a task may be daunting. Teachers involved should attempt to make this process as enjoyable as possible. Introducing games may be the best way to ensure that a learner grasps the intended knowledge in a much easier way, especially when dealing with young learners. When handling a subject such as Mathematics, a teacher can devise games that would challenge the learners’ arithmetic prowess. Such games as those that would force the learner to add, subtract, divide or multiply without the use of a machine or a book and a pen would be very appropriate. To the more intelligent students, it would be a challenge because it would demand a lot of reasoning in order to arrive at the desired answer. To the slow learners, this method would boost their thinking capacity. It would enable them to reason at a faster rate than they would if they were to undertake a normal Mathematical test. When teaching Languages, storytelling could be a useful method of ensuring that learners grasp the intended knowledge. Stories bring the attention of the learner closer. When a story is told, a learner would have to imagine the episode happening. He or she must create the whole scenario in his mind. The stories can be used as one way of enhancing the memory of the learner. Such a learner would be asked to retell a story that was told before. It would require such a learner to sharpen his or her memory to be able to retell such stories with precision. Homogeneous grouping According to this research, Homogeneous grouping, also known as tracking was found to be one of the possible ways of grouping students. In this c ontext, students are grouped according to their academic potential. Higher achievers are grouped together and so are lower achievers. This method has been lauded as the easiest way to handle a class with varying abilities. The proponents of this method argue that when students are grouped according to their abilities, it becomes easy to give specialized attention to each group. To the high achievers, with the ability to learn at a relatively high rate, it would be appropriate to develop an approach that would enable them learn concepts that are more advanced. The concerned teacher would develop an approach that would enable these learners encounter greater challenges in every learning session. Edwards and Woodhead, (1996, p. 93) say that such advanced learners require more challenging tasks, as this would open up their minds. Subjecting them to basic concepts would be restricting their abilities. To the slow learners, this approach would enable them be given the attention they need from both the teaching staff and administration. This group of students need more teaching aids. This may be in form of charts, pictures, photographs and such other related items that would allow them have a vision of what is taught in classroom. When in such group, the administration may be challenged to provide them with such materials. The teaching staff would also find it easy to handle such a class to meet its expectations. As Cotterall and Cohen (2003, p. 160) observe, when a teacher is aware that a particular group is composed purely of poor performers, it would be easy to develop an approach that would suite them best. This group needs more time on learning the basic concepts, unlike their brighter counterparts. However, this method has received a lot of criticism from many quarters. This method is said to encourage segregation among the students. The opponents argue that this approach creates a situation where learners who are at the same learning level are taught different concepts, hence giving them different concepts. As slow learners are given the basics, the intelligent learners are given concepts that are more advanced. This is unfair practice to the less intelligent. It denies them the opportunity to catch up with their more intelligent counterparts in a fair level competition. Moreover, it creates a rift between the two groups of students. Heterogeneous grouping Following the strong opposition of homogeneous grouping, heterogeneous grouping, which is also known as Cooperative learning or mixed ability classes, has been seen as the best alternative. According to the data gathered in this research, it has been established that mixed method has been accepted as the most moderate method of handling learners with different capabilities. In this method, students with different abilities are grouped together in the same class. In case the class size is relatively large and the same class requires different streams, the streams would have mixed abilit y learners. No unit would have either too bright or too foolish students. Within the class, students would form smaller groups, which would be all inclusive. Such groups would be having the intelligent students and less intelligent ones. This would encourage cooperation among learners, as the quick learner would try to help slow learners acquire the concepts, hence the name cooperative learning. Unlike tracking where students are purely grouped as per their abilities, mixed ability classes have been praised as an all-inclusive method that brings out the true face of the society we live in. In this society, Ellis (2001, p. 42)) observes that capability of people is not the same. However, each person accepts the capacity and the way we stay. This method enables students be in a position to learn similar concepts at the same level. There arises no situation where a given group is given more advanced concepts at the expense of the other group. This way, equality is fostered among the le arners. This method has however not gone without criticism. A section of educationists have criticized this method as not being fair, both to the weak and academically strong students. It is not also favourable to teachers involved. To the weak student, this method would make him or her lack individualized attention that he or she may require from the teacher. The teacher may tend to be encouraged by the brighter students. The moment the teacher sees the brighter student is mastering the concepts being passed, the teacher becomes convinced that the entire class has understood the concept. From this research, some of the teachers who were interviewed admitted that they always gauge the rest of the class based on the few section, which has a quick mastery of what is taught in class. As such, weak student are left behind trying to struggle with the concepts. This has seen a serious variation in performance. As one of the administrators admitted, it becomes very weird when in the same c lass with the same teachers and same environment one student scores a straight A while another has an E. The parents would also want their expectations to be met by the institution. It would be a little difficult trying to explain to a parent the reason behind this disparity. To the academically strong students, this method is a waste of their time. These students have the capacity to grasp what is taught in classroom at a faster rate. Taking more time on basics would not be the best approach to handle them. As one of the teacher was interviewed, it may be necessary to repeat a concept to the class just for the sake of the less intelligent group. Repeating the concept to them would be inevitable because some would ask questions whose answers would demand a repeat of a concept that was learnt previously. They cannot be assumed. In so doing, the brighter students feel wasted. To the concerned teachers, this is the most challenging approach in handling students in a classroom set up. W hen students with varying abilities are grouped together, the teacher would be forced to find the means of ensuring that both divides of the class are satisfied. As more challenging concepts are introduced to satisfy the needs of the students with higher mastery capacities, students with lower mastery capacities should not be assumed. As the teacher takes more time explaining basic concept to the slow learners, it should not be lost to the teacher that there are intelligent students who already have mastered that concept, and therefore repeating it is a waste of time. This is a very delicate balancing in an attempt to satisfy the expectations of the students, the administration and the parents, all of whom expect a pass. Differentiating work of students in mixed ability classes As a remedy to the shortcomings of mixed ability classes, pundits have proposed differentiating the work for the students. In this case, a teacher would need to assign students with different capabilities dif ferent exercises. A lot of care is needed when implementing this method. As Collentine and Freed (2004, p. 169) observe, the concerned teachers would need to ensure that both groups of learners do not realize that the teacher is biased. For this reason, the teacher should avoid such cases as assigning intelligent students extra work or specific tasks that appear more challenging. This may affect both groups of students. The less intelligent students may consider this a form of discrimination. They would develop the notion that the intelligent students are given special attention. This would make them develop a similar attitude as they would when tracking is used. To the intelligent students, this may appear to be a punishment. They may fail to realize the rationale behind this extra work and this may make them develop a negative attitude towards the entire work. To employ this method, a teacher would have to handle the class without showing any bias to any of the two divides. In thi s process, Ellis (2001, p. 46) proposes that the teacher should consider the use of multiple books (those that are very basic and those that are a bit complex). When issuing assignments at the end of the lesson, the teacher would give learners the freedom to choose assignments from the multiple books. Ellis explains that typically, each group would go for what it believes is within its level. As weak students go for the basics, students who are more intelligent would go for more challenging tasks. This way, a teacher would be satisfying both the divides without making either side realize that there is a difference in treatment. Many scholars and educationists have recommended this method as the best compromise. They say that this method is not only responsive to the needs of the students, but also solves the puzzle for teachers. It makes it possible for the teachers to handle both students separately, without creating an environment where the students would feel that they are treate d differently. Meeting the Expectations In a learning institution, there are expectations that should be met by various stakeholders. A system incorporates parents, teachers, the administration, and the society in general, with the central focus on students. The figure below is a representation of this. All the stakeholders expect the student to pass. As can be seen from the above diagram, all stakeholders have a role to play in ensuring that the students do well in their academics. However, of all the stakeholders, pressure is always piled on the teacher. The teacher is expected to see into it that the student passes even if some of the stakeholders fail to play their tasks. Because stakeholders expect the teacher to register a good performance, mixed ability classes provide the best solution to this. Asked to rate the best method of grouping students between tracking and mixed ability classes, teachers gave varying answers. However, most showed preference to mixed ability classes . In particular, most recommended differentiating the work of students in mixed ability classes. Conclusion Learning is a very complex process. On the side of the learner, it involves getting knowledge in an environment that may not be pleasant to him or her. To the teacher, it entails imparting knowledge to learners who have different capabilities in terms of grasping the skills being passed across. This may not be very easy. The teacher is faced with the problem of passing knowledge to learners with different requirements. Quick learners need lesser time to grasp what is taught. They need tasks that are more challenging every time they are involved in a learning process. This is the best way through which they can develop their knowledge. On the other hand, slow learners need more time to grasp simple concepts. As such, they would demand that the teacher dedicates more time teaching the basics. These are two opposing needs of students in the same classroom. As a teacher, it is nec essary that as more time is taken teaching the basics, the needs of learners should be taken into consideration. In an attempt to solve the above problems, scholars and other educationists have proposed a number of ways through which this dilemma could be solved. Tracking has been one of the proposed methods and one in which some learning institutions have put in place as a means through which this problem could be solved. In this method, learners are grouped in different classes based on their academic potentials. This offers an easy solution because teachers would have students with similar requirements grouped together. However, this method has been under criticism from various quarters. Pundits have it that this method is very discriminative and encourages segregation in the class. For this reason, it is considered inappropriate. This leaves mixed ability method as the most appropriate approach in the process of learning. Although it brings us back to the original problem, it fa cilitates interactivity between the quick learners and the slow learners. It is the best method that responds to the expectations of the parents, teachers, administrators, learners, and other stakeholders involved in the learning process. List of References Allan, S 1991, â€Å"Grouping and the gifted ability-grouping research reviews: What do they say about grouping and the gifted?† Educational Leadership, Vol. 48, no. 6, pp 60-65. Ansalone, G 2000, â€Å"Keeping on track: A reassessment of tracking in the schools†, Race, Gender and Class, Vol. 7, no. 3, pp 1-25. Ansalone, G 2001, â€Å"Schooling, tracking and inequality†, Journal of Children and Poverty, Vol. 7, no. 1, pp 33-49. Askew, M William, D 1995, Recent research in Mathematics Education 5-16, OFSTED, London. Bailey, K 1978, Methods of social research, Collier-Macmillan, London. Bell, J 1999, Doing your research project, Buckingham, Buckingham Open University Press. Brimfield, R, Masci, F DeFiore, D 2 002, â€Å"Differentiating instruction to teach all learners†, Middle School Journal, Vol. 33, no. 1, pp 14-18. Bryan, L1996, â€Å"Cooperative writing response groups in community college, Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, Vol. 40, no. 3, pp 188-193. Collentine, J Freed, B 2004, â€Å"Learning context and its effects on second language acquisition†, Studies in Second Language Acquisition, Vol. 26, no. 1, pp 153-171. Cotterall, S Cohen, R 2003, â€Å"Scaffolding for second language writers: Producing an academic essay†, ELT Journal, Vol. 57, no. 2, pp 158-166. Cotterall, S 1990, â€Å"Developing reading strategies through small-group interaction† RELC Journal, Vol. 21, no. 1, pp 55-69. Edwards, S Woodhead, N 1996, â€Å"Mathematics teaching in primary schools: Whole class, group or individual teaching?† Primary Practice, Vol. 6, no. 5, pp 89. Ellis, R 2001, â€Å"Introduction: Investigating form-focused instruction† Language Lear ning, Vol. 51, no. 1, pp 1-46. Epstein, J 1985, â€Å"After the bus arrives: Re-segregation in Desegregated schools†, Journal of Social Research, Vol. 41, no. 3, pp 23-43. Fotos, S Ellis, R 1991, â€Å"Communicating about grammar: A task-based approach†, TESOL Quarterly, Vol. 25, no. 4, pp 605-628. Fulk, B King, K 2001, Class wide peer tutoring at work†, Teaching Exceptional children Vol. 34, no.2, pp 49-53. Gamoran, A 1987, â€Å"The stratification of high school learning opportunities†, Sociology of Education, Vol. 60, no. 1, pp 135-155. Graves, D 1983, Writing: Teachers and children at work, Heinemann Educational Books, Portsmouth. Halliday, M 1978, Language as a social semiotic: The social interpretation of language and meaning, Edward Arnold, Boston. Hallinan, M 1994, â€Å"Tracking: From theory to practice†, Sociology of Education, Vol. 67, no. 3, pp 79-83. Harris, M Silva, T 1993, â€Å"Tutoring ESL students: Issues and options†, Co llege Composition and Communication, Vol. 44, no. 4, pp 525-537. This dissertation on Mixed Ability Classes was written and submitted by user Dangelo Ryan to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

Volkswagen has said it will cut investment by 1 Essays - Transport

Volkswagen has said it will cut investment by 1 Essays - Transport Volkswagen has said it will cut investment by 1bn ($1.1bn; 750m) a year as a result of the diesel emissions scandal. The troubled German carmaker said efficiency and technology would be the company's watchwords as it "repositioned itself for the future". It added that all new diesel cars would be fitted with the "best environmental technology". There will also be greater focus on hybrid and electric vehicles. " We are becoming more efficient, we are giving our product range and our core technologies a new focus, and we are creating room for forward-looking technologies by speeding up the efficiency programme ," said VW's Dr Herbert Diess . The carmaker said it would now be fitting the kinds of clean diesel technologies needed to meet stricter US standards across all its cars in both the US and Europe. It also revealed that its flagship Phaeton model would in the future be purely electric, capable of driving long distances on a single charge. Analysis: Theo Leggett, BBC business correspondent It's no surprise VW is cutting investment. It is facing potentially huge fines, class action lawsuits and possible criminal penalties, in the US and quite possibly other countries as well. The 6.5bn it has set aside to cover the costs of the emissions scandal is unlikely to be anywhere near enough. The company now says it will only use "the best environmental technology" in its diesel cars. In practice, this means abandoning so-called 'lean NOx traps' in favour of more complex and more expensive urea injection technology. A cynic might say it should have done that much sooner. So now VW will focus on developing electric cars and plug-in hybrids, using standard parts and processes that can be rolled out across different types of vehicles and different brands. It's fair to say the industry as a whole is moving in this direction anyway. Even so, Volkswagen's change of course does look rather like a scandal-induced handbrake turn.

Sunday, March 1, 2020

The Colorful History of Comic Books and Newspaper Cartoon Strips

The Colorful History of Comic Books and Newspaper Cartoon Strips The comic strip has been an essential part of the American newspaper since the first one appeared more than 125 years ago. Newspaper comics, often called the funnies or the funny pages, quickly became a popular form of entertainment. Characters like Charlie Brown, Garfield, Blondie and Dagwood, and others became celebrities in their own right, entertaining generations of people young and old.   Before Newspapers Satirical illustrations, often with a political bent, and caricatures of famous people became popular in Europe in the early 1700s. Printers would sell inexpensive color prints lampooning politicians and issues of the day, and exhibitions of these prints were popular attractions in Great Britain and France. British artists  William Hogarth (1697-1764) and  George Townshend (1724-1807) were two pioneers of the medium. Comics and illustrations also played an important role in the colonial U.S. In 1754,  Benjamin Franklin  created the first editorial cartoon published in an American newspaper. Franklins cartoon was an illustration of a snake with a severed head and had the printed words Join, or Die. The cartoon was intended to goad the different colonies into joining what was to become the United States. Mass-circulation magazines like Punch in Great Britain, which was founded in 1841, and Harpers Weekly in the U.S., founded in 1857, became famous for their elaborate illustrations and political cartoons. The American illustrator Thomas Nast became famous for his caricatures of politicians and satirical illustrations of contemporary issues like slavery and corruption in New York City. Nast is also credited with inventing the donkey and elephant symbols that represent the Democratic and Republican parties. The First Comics As political caricatures and standalone illustrations became popular in early 18th century Europe, artists sought new ways to satisfy demand. The Swiss artist  Rodolphe Tà ¶pffer  is credited with creating the first multi-panel comic in 1827 and the first illustrated book, The Adventures of Obadiah Oldbuck, a decade later. Each of the books 40 pages contained several picture panels with accompanying text underneath. It was a big hit in Europe, and in 1842 a version was printed in the U.S. as a newspaper supplement in New York. As printing technology evolved, allowing publishers to print in large quantities and sell their publications for a nominal cost, humorous illustrations changed as well. In 1859, German poet and artist, Wilhelm Busch published caricatures in the newspaper Fliegende Bltter. In 1865, he published a famous comic called Max und Moritz, which chronicled the escapades of two young boys. In the U.S. the first comic with a regular cast of characters, The Little Bears, created by Jimmy Swinnerton, appeared in 1892 in the San Francisco Examiner. It was printed in color and appeared alongside the weather forecast.   The Yellow Kid Although several cartoon characters appeared in American newspapers in the early 1890s, the strip The Yellow Kid, created by Richard Outcault, is often cited as the first true comic strip. First published in 1895 in the New York World, the color strip was the first to use speech bubbles and a defined series of panels to create comic narratives. Outcaults creation, which followed the antics of a bald, jug-eared street urchin dressed in a yellow gown, quickly became a hit with readers. The success of the Yellow Kid quickly spawned numerous imitators, including the Katzenjammer Kids. In 1912, the New York Evening Journal became the first newspaper to dedicate a whole page to comic strips and single-panel cartoons. Within a decade, long-running cartoons like Gasoline Alley, Popeye, and Little Orphan Annie were appearing in newspapers across the country. By the 1930s, full-color standalone sections dedicated to comics were common. The Golden Age and Beyond The middle part of the 20th century is considered the golden age of newspaper comics as strips proliferated and papers flourished. Detective Dick Tracy debuted in 1931. Brenda Starr the first cartoon strip written by a woman was first published in 1940. Peanuts and Beetle Bailey arrived in 1950. Other popular comics include Doonesbury (1970), Garfield (1978), Bloom County (1980), and Calvin and Hobbes (1985). Today, strips like Zits (1997) and Non Sequitur (2000), as well as classics like Peanuts, continue to entertain newspaper readers. But newspaper circulations have declined precipitously since their peak in 1990, and comic sections have shrunken considerably or disappeared altogether. But while papers have declined, the internet has become a vibrant alternative for cartoons such as Dinosaur Comics and xkcd, introducing a whole new generation to the joys of comics. Sources Gallagher, Brendan. The 25 Best Sunday Comic Strips of All Time. 27 January 2013.Harvey, R.C. Outcault, Goddard, the Comics, and the Yellow Kid. The Comics Journal. 9 June 2016.Jennings, Dana. Old Breakfast Buddies, From Tarzan to Snoopy. The New York Times. 9 January 2014.History of Cartoons and Comics. Accessed 8 March 2018.Cartooning: Political. Accessed 8 March 2018.